Le ageing cities tra passato e futuro. Strategie, metodi e proposte per migliorare l’accessibilità degli anziani ai servizi urbani

Autori

Carmela Gargiulo, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II; Gerardo Carpentieri, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II; Federica Gaglione, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II; Carmen Guida, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II; Sabrina Sgambati, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II; Floriana Zucaro, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

Keywords:

Accessibility, Urban planning, Ageing cities, Urban services

Sinossi

Logo_FedOAPress

Editore: FedOA Press - Federico II Open Access University Press 

Collana: Smart City, Urban Planning for a Sustainable Future

Pagine: 187

Lingua: Italiano

NBN: http://nbn.depositolegale.it/resolver.pl?nbn=urn:nbn:it:unina-27508

Abstract: Il volume raccoglie le conclusioni di un lavoro di ricerca che costituisce il naturale quanto autonomo sviluppo dei risultati del progetto MOBILAGE – Mobility and ageing: daily life and welfare supportive networks at the neighborhood level, finanziato nel biennio 2018-2020 da Fondazione Cariplo (Gant N° 2017-0942) e concluso nel giugno 2020.

La questione ageing cities negli ultimi tempi ha assunto la connotazione di vera e propria emergenza soprattutto in ragione dei trend di crescita della popolazione anziana nelle città industrializzate. Il tema, di estrema rilevanza sia nel dibattito scientifico che nella prassi operativa nazionale e internazionale, si configura come una delle sfide/opportunità per ripensare/ridisegnare le città migliorando la qualità di vita degli anziani.

Il gruppo di ricerca impegnato in questo lavoro, sotto la guida di Carmela Gargiulo, è costituito da giovani ricercatori che afferiscono al laboratorio TeMALab del Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Edile e Ambientale (DICEA) dell’Università di Napoli Federico II.

Downloads

I dati di download non sono ancora disponibili.

Biografie autore

Carmela Gargiulo, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

Professore Ordinario di Tecniche Urbanistica presso l'Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II. L’attività di ricerca, sviluppata dal 1987, riguarda il governo delle trasformazioni urbane e territoriali. In particolare i temi di ricerca prediligono i processi di riqualificazione urbana, l’integrazione tra trasformazioni urbane e mobilità e la valorizzazione del patrimonio prodotta dalle trasformazioni urbane. Su questi temi ha coordinato numerosi gruppi di ricerca come responsabile scientifico di unità operative o di progetti competitivi. In qualità di responsabile scientifico dell'unità operativa del Dicea-Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II si segnalano: “Impatti delle politiche di mobilità sulla trasformabilità urbana, ambiente e mercato immobiliare” dal 2011 al 2013, nell'ambito del progetto PRIN; Progetto Fondazione Cariplo “MOBILAGE. Mobility and aging: support networks for daily life and welfare at the neighborhood level "2018-2020; ERASMUS + Key Action2: Project "Development of a Master Program in the Management of Industrial Entrepreneurship for Transition Countries"2018-2020 (MIETC), con partner europei e asiatici. In qualità di Principal Investigator si segnala il Progetto “Smart Energy Master per il governo energetico del territorio” finanziato dal PON 04A2_00120 R&C Asse II, dal 2012 al 2015. Dal 2004 è componente del Dottorato di Ricerca in Ingegneria Idraulica, dei Trasporti e dei Sistemi Territoriali dell'Università degli Studi di Napoli “Federico II”. Autore di oltre 150 pubblicazioni.

Gerardo Carpentieri, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

Ingegnere, Dottore di Ricerca in Ingegneria Civile dei Sistemi presso l'Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II e Ricercatore in Pianificazione Territoriale presso il Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Edile e Ambientale dell'Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II. Nel luglio 2013 vince una borsa di studio nell'ambito del progetto PRIN sugli “Impacts of mobility policies on urban transformability, environment and property market”. Dal 2014 al 2015 ha collaborato al progetto di ricerca PON "Smart Energy Master" per la Gestione Energetica del Territorio. Dal 2018 al 2020 ha partecipato al progetto di ricerca “Aging and social research: people, places and relations” finanziato da Fondazione Cariplo (Borsa n° 2017-0942). Attualmente è coinvolto nel progetto ERASMUS + Key Action2 "Development of a Master Program in the Management of Industrial Entrepreneurship for Transition Countries" (MIETC), con partner europei e asiatici.

Federica Gaglione, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

Laureata in Ingegneria Edile è Ph.D Student in Ingegneria dei Sistemi Civili presso il DICEA dell’Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II. Le ricerche portate avanti finora sono sul tema dell’accessibilità urbana. Inoltre, da agosto a dicembre 2019, ha lavorato come Visiting Researcher presso l'Università di Aberdeen (UK), svolgendo una significativa quantità di ricerche sul miglioramento dell’accessibilità pedonale per la popolazione anziana.

Carmen Guida, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

Laureta in Ingegneria dei Sistemi Idraulici e di Trasporto è Ph.D. Student in Ingegneria dei Sistemi Civili presso il Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Edile e Ambientale dell’Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II. I temi di ricerca affrontati prediligono l’accessibilità urbana ai servizi essenziali per la popolazione anziana e l’impatto dei cambiamenti climatici sulle trasformazioni urbane e territoriali. Attualmente è coinvolta nel progetto ERASMUS + Key Action2 "Development of a Master Program in the Management of Industrial Entrepreneurship for Transition Countries" (MIETC), con partner europei e asiatici.

 

Sabrina Sgambati, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

Laureata in Ingegneria Edile-Architettura e Ph.D. Student in Ingegneria dei Sistemi Civili presso il Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Edile e Ambientale dell'Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II. Attualmente è coinvolta nel progetto ERASMUS + Key Action2 "Development of a Master Program in the Management of Industrial Entrepreneurship for Transition Countries" (MIETC), con partner europei e asiatici.

Floriana Zucaro, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II

Ingegnere. Ha conseguito la laurea in Ingegneria per l'Ambiente e il Territorio presso l'Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II con specializzazione in gestione delle trasformazioni urbane e territoriali. Dall'aprile 2015 è dottore di ricerca in Ingegneria Idraulica, dei Trasporti e dei Sistemi Territoriali presso il Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Edile e Ambientale – Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II. Nel 2014 è stata borsista nell'ambito del Progetto Smart Energy Master per la gestione energetica del territorio finanziato dal PON 04A2_00120 R&C Asse II, dal 2012 al 2015. La sua attività di ricerca si è focalizzata sull'integrazione della pianificazione territoriale e delle politiche di risparmio energetico. Dal 2018 al 2020 è stata assegnista di ricerca sul progetto “Aging and social research: people, places and relations” finanziato da Fondazione Cariplo (Borsa n° 2017-0942). Nell'ambito di questa ricerca, ha lavorato alla definizione di metodi e tecniche per migliorare l'accessibilità urbana per gli utenti vulnerabili.

Riferimenti bibliografici

Ahn, J.S., Kim, L.B. & Park M.R. (2014). An analysis of variation of spatial accessibility pattern based on 2SFCA: A case study of welfare facilities for the aged in Gumi city. Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies, 17 (4) (2014), pp. 112-128, 10.1016/j.trpro.2016.11.080

Alidoust, S., Holden, G., & Bosman, C. (2014). Urban environment and social health of the elderly: A critical discussion on physical, social and policy environments. Athens journal of health, 1(3), 169-80. https://doi.org/10.30958/ajh.1-3-1

Alley, D., Liebig, P., Pynoos, J., Banerjee, T., & Choi, I. H. (2007). Creating elder-friendly communities: Preparation for an aging society. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 49, 1–18.

Arup (2019) Cities Alive: Designing for ageing communities. Disponibile al link: https://www.arup.com/perspectives/publications/research/section/cities-alive-designing-for-ageing-communities

Arup, Help Age International, Intel, Systematica, (2015). Shaping Ageing Cities: 10 European case studies. Disponibile al link: https://ifa.ngo/publication/demographics/shaping-ageing-cities-10-european-case-studies/

Banister, D. (2019). Transport for all. Transport Reviews, 39:3, 289-292. https://doi.org/10.1080/01441647.2019.1582905

Banister, D., Givoni, M., Macmillen, J., & Schwanen, T. (2013). 16. Thinking change and changing thinking. Moving towards low carbon mobility, 267.

Battarra, R., Gargiulo, C., Tremiterra, M. R., & Zucaro, F. (2018). Smart mobility in Italian metropolitan cities: A comparative analysis through indicators and actions. Sustainable Cities and Society, 41, 556-567. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2018.06.006

Bauer, J., & Groneberg, D. A. (2016). Measuring spatial accessibility of health care providers–introduction of a variable distance decay function within the floating catchment area (FCA) method. PloSone, 11(7), e0159148. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0159148

Bertolini, L., Le Clercq, F., & Kapoen, L. (2005). Sustainable accessibility: a conceptual framework to integrate transport and land use plan-making. Two test-applications in the Netherlands and a reflection on the way forward. Transport policy, 12(3), 207-220. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2005.01.006

Bhat, C., Handy, S., Kockelman, K., Mahmassani, H., Chen, Q., & Weston, L. (2000). Accessibility measures: formulation considerations and current applications (No. Report No. TX-01/7-4938-2). University of Texas at Austin. Center for Transportation Research

Bonotti, R., Rossetti, S., Tiboni, M., & Tira, M. (2015). Analysing space-time accessibility toward the implementation of the light rail system: the case study of Brescia, Planning Practice and Research, 30(4), 424-442.

Borlini, B., & Memo, F. (2009). Ripensare l’accessibilità urbana. Cittalia Fondazione Anci ricerche.

Borruso, G. (2006). La grande distribuzione organizzata in ambito urbano. Un approccio GIS per lo studio delle caratteristiche e potenzialità di sviluppo. ISBN: 8890094303

Buffel, T. & Phillipson, C. (2018). A Manifesto for the Age-Friendly Movement: Developing a New Urban Agenda, Journal of Aging & Social Policy, 30:2, 173-192, https://doi.org/10.1080/08959420.2018.1430414.

Buffel, T.& Phillipson, C. (2016). Can global cities be age-friendlycities? Urban development and ageing populations. Cities, 55, 94–100.

Buffel, T., McGarry, P., Phillipson, C., De Donder, D., Dury, S., De Witte, N., Smetcoran, A-S & Verté. (2014). Developing age-friendly cities: Case studies from Brussels and Manchester and implications for policy and practice. Journal of Aging and Social Policy, 26(1–2), 52–72.

Caglioni, M., Pelizzoni, M., & Rabino, G. A. (2006). Urban sprawl: A case study for project gigalopolis using SLEUTH model. In International Conference on Cellular Automata (pp. 436-445). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/11861201_51

Carpentieri G., Gargiulo C., & Guida C. (2020). «The elderly and urban accessibility before and during the Covid-19 lockdown: a comparative analysis of Mediterranean cities with a focus on Naples and Milan», in Capasso S., & Canitano, G. (Cur.), Mediterranean Economies 2020, 215-246. Il Mulino. ISBN: 978-88-15-29082-3.

Carpentieri, G., Guida, C., & Masoumi, H. E. (2020). Multimodal accessibility to primary health services for the elderly: A case study of Naples, Italy. Sustainability, 12(3), 781.

Carpentieri, G., Guida, C., Fevola, O., & Sgambati, S. (2020). The Covid-19 pandemic from the elderly perspective in urban areas: An evaluation of urban green areas in 10 European capitals. TeMA-Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 13(3), 389-408. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/7007

Carpentieri, G., Zucaro, F., Guida, C., & Granata, L. (2019). GIS-Based Spatial Analysis for the Integrated Transport-Land Use-Energy Planning: An Application to the Greater London. Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 13, 663-675. 10.17265/1934-7359/2019.11.001

Cascetta, E., Bartolucci, A., Bielli, M., Delle Site, V., Landolfi, O., & Festa, D. (1999). La ricerca sui trasporti per la riduzione dei consumi energetici e delle emissioni inquinanti.

Cass, N., Shove, E. and Urry, J. 2005. Social exclusion, mobility and access. The Sociological Review. 53(3): 539–555. https://doi.org/10.1111%2Fj.1467-954X.2005.00565.x

Cheng, L., Yang, M., De Vos, J., & Witlox, F. (2020). Examining geographical accessibility to multi-tier hospital care services for the elderly: A focus on spatial equity. Journal of Transport & Health, 19, 100926. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2020.100926

Claris, S., & Scopelliti, D. (2016). Cities alive: towards a walking world.

Colasanto, M., & Marcaletti, F. (2007). Lavoro e invecchiamento attivo. Una ricerca sulle politiche a favore degli over, 45.

Comune di Milano, (2020). Milano e i suoi quartieri - anno 2020. Disponibile al link: https://www.comune.milano.it/documents/20126/2313917/MILANO+QUARTIERI+2020.pdf

Confindustria (2020) https://www.confindustria.it/home/centro-studi/temi-di-ricerca/scenari-geoeconomici/tutti/dettaglio/silver-economy-l-economia-della-terza-eta-consumi-ricchezza-e-nuove-opportunita-per-le-imprese

Corriere della Sera (2010) https://www.corriere.it/salute/10_dicembre_17/anziani-giovani-meli_b8ab3c7e-e28b-11df-8440-00144f02aabc.shtml

Cottrill C., Gaglione F., Gargiulo C., Zucaro F. (2020), Defining the characteristics of walking paths to promote an active ageing, in Pedestrians, Urban Spaces and Health: Proceedings of the XXIV International Conference on Living and Walking in Cities (LWC, September 12-13, 2019, Brescia, Italy), p. 209-213, CRC Press. ISBN: 978-0-367-46171-3.

Cvitkovich, Y., & Wister, A. (2001). The importance of transportation and prioritization of environmental needs to sustain well-being among older adults. Environment and Behavior, 33(6), 809-829. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F00139160121973250

De Donder, L., Buffel, T., De Witte, N., Dury, S., Verté, D. (2013). Perceptual quality of neighbourhood design and feelings of unsafety. Ageing & Society, 33, 917–937.

de Falco, S. (2018). Geographic determinism Vs urban resilience: italian scenario analysis. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 11(1), 65-88. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/5370

De Geus, S., G.Richards, and V.Toepoel . 2016. Conceptualisation and Operationalisation of Event and Festival Experiences: Creation of an Event Experience Scale. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 16 (3): 274–296. https://doi.org/10.1080/15022250.2015.1101933.

Dijst, M. (1999). Action space as planning concept in spatial planning. Netherlands journal of housing and the built environment, 14(2), 163-182. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02496820

Ding, Y., Zhou, J., & Li, Y. (2015). Transit accessibility measures incorporating the temporal dimension. Cities, 46, 55-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2015.05.002

Domencich, T.A., McFadden, D. Urban Travel Demand-a Behavioral Analysis. North-Holland Publishing Co./American Elsevier: New York, NY, USA, 1975.

Dony, C. C., Delmelle, E. M., & Delmelle, E. C. (2015). Re-conceptualizing accessibility to parks in multi-modal cities: A Variable-width Floating Catchment Area (VFCA) method. Landscape and Urban Planning, 143, 90-99. 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2015.06.011

Escuder-Mollon, P., Esteller-Curto, R., Ochoa, L., & Bardus, M. (2014). Impact on senior learners’ quality of life through lifelong learning. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 131, 510-516. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.04.157

ESPAS, Tendenze globali fino al 2030: l’UE sarà in grado di affrontare le sfide future? Unione Europea, 2017. Disponibile al link: https://espas.secure.europarl.europa.eu.

European Commission (2019). Ageing Europe. Looking at the lives of older people in the EU. 2019 Edition. Disponibile al link: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-statistical-books/-/KS-02-19-681#:~:text=Looking%20at%20various%20socioeconomic%20statistics,older%20people%20across%20the%20EU.

European Commission, 2020. Report on the Impact of Demographic Change. Brussels. European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/demograp hy_report_2020_n.pdf

EUROSTAT (2020) https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Population_structure_and_ageing/it#La_percentuale_di_anziani_.C3.A8_in_continuo_aumento

Eurostat, Ageing Europe - looking at the lives of older people in the EU, 2020, ISSN 2443-8219. Disponibile al link: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat.

Farrington, J. (2007). The New Narrative of Accessibility: Its Potential Contribution to Discourses in (Transport) Geography. Transport Geography, 15(5), 319– 30.

Fatima, K., Moridpour, S., & Saghapour, T. (2021). Spatial and temporal distribution of elderly public transport mode preference. Sustainability, 13(9), 4752. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094752

Feng, J. (2017). The influence of built environment on travel behavior of the elderly in urban China. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 52, 619-633. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2016.11.003

Forder, J. (2010). chronic DiSeaSe: an international perSpective. BUPA Health Pulse. Disponibile al link: http://envejecimiento.csic.es/documentos/documentos/forder-chronic-01.pdf

Frank, L. D., Sallis, J. F., Conway, T. L., Chapman, J. E., Saelens, B. E., & Bachman, W.: Many pathways from land use to health: associations between neighborhood walkability and active transportation, body mass index, and air quality. Journal of the American planning Association, 72(1), 75-87 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1080/01944360608976725

Gaglione F., Gargiulo C., Zucaro F. (2019) Elders’ quality of life. A method to optimize pedestrian accessibility to urban services. TeMA – Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 12(3), 295-312. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/6272.

Gaglione, F., Cottrill, C., & Gargiulo, C. (2021). Urban services, pedestrian networks and behaviors to measure elderly accessibility. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 90, 102687. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102687

Gargiulo C. (2014) Integrazione trasporti-territorio - strumenti, interventi e best practices verso la Smart City, ISBN 9788884972583, Clean Edizioni, 2014. doi: 10.13140/2.1.2962.9126.

Gargiulo, C. (2009) Sistema urbano e complessità. In Il Governo delle trasformazioni urbane e territoriali. Metodi Tecniche e Strumenti. Franco Angeli.

Gargiulo, C., Gaglione, F., & Zucaro, F. (2021). Spatial Accessibility: Integrating Fuzzy AHP and GIS Techniques to Improve Elderly Walkability. Innovation in Urban and Regional Planning, 615. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-68824-0_65

Gargiulo, C., Papa, R. (1993) Caos e caos: la città come fenomeno complesso in Atti del Convegno Internazionale “Per il XXI secolo - Una enciclopedia e un progetto”, Napoli, Hotel Vesuvio - Paris, Palais des Congrès, 22 giugno 1992, Di.Pi.S.T. - Università degli Studi di Napoli “Federico II” e I.Pi.Ge.T. - C.N.R., Napoli, 1993, pagg. 297-306. ISBN 978-88-97110-15-6.

Gargiulo, C., Zucaro, F., & Gaglione, F. (2018). A Set of Variables for the Elderly Accessibility in Urban Areas. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 53-66. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/5738

Georggi, N. L., & Pendyala, R. M. (2000). An analysis of long-distance travel behavior of the elderly and the low-income (Master's thesis, University of South Florida). CTUR Research reports,312 https://scholarcommons.usf.edu/cutr_reports/312

Geurs, K. T., & Ritsema van Eck, J. R. (2001). Accessibility measures: review and applications. Evaluation of accessibility impacts of land-use transportation scenarios, and related social and economic impact. RIVM rapport 408505006.

Geurs, K. T., & Van Wee, B. (2004). Accessibility evaluation of land-use and transport strategies: review and research directions. Journal of Transport geography, 12(2), 127-140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2003.10.005

Gharaveis, A. (2020). A systematic framework for understanding environmental design influences on physical activity in the elderly population. Facilities. https://doi.org/10.1108/F-08-2018-0094

Gómez, L. F., Parra, D. C., Buchner, D., Brownson, R. C., Sarmiento, O. L., Pinzón, J. D., ... & Lobelo, F. (2010). Built environment attributes and walking patterns among the elderly population in Bogotá. American journal of preventive medicine, 38(6), 592-599. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2010.02.005

Gonyea, J. G., Hudson, R. B. (2015). Emerging models of age-friendly communities: A framework for understanding inclusion. Public Policy & Aging Report, 25(1), 9–14. Gottdiener, M., Hutchison, R., & Ryan, M. (2015) The new urban sociology. Boulder, CO, Westview Press.

Government Office for Science. (2016) Migration and Global Environmental Change. Future challenges and Opportunities. Disponibile al link: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/287717/11-1116-migration-and-global-environmental-change.pdf

Grasser, G., Van Dyck, D., Titze, S., Stronegger, W.: Objectively measured walkability and active transport and weight-related outcomes in adults: a systematic review. International Journal of Public Health, 58, 615-625 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-012-0435-0

Grieco, M., & Urry, J. (2016). Introduction: Introducing the mobilities turn. In Mobilities: New perspectives on transport and society (pp. 19-20). Routledge.

Guagliardo, M. F. (2004). Spatial accessibility of primary care: concepts, methods and challenges. International journal of health geographics, 3(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-072X-3-3

Guida, C., & Caglioni, M. (2020). Urban accessibility: the paradox, the paradigms and the measures. A scientific review. TeMA-Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 13(2), 149-168. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/6743

Guida, C., & Carpentieri, G. (2020). Quality of life in the urban environment and primary health services for the elderly during the Covid-19 pandemic: An application to the city of Milan (Italy). Cities, 103038. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2020.103038

Hansen, W. G. (1959). How accessibility shapes land use. Journal of the American Institute of planners, 25(2), 73-76. https://doi.org/10.1080/01944365908978307

Hidding, M. C., & Teunissen, A. T. (2002). Beyond fragmentation: new concepts for urban–rural development. Landscape and Urban Planning, 58(2-4), 297-308. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-2046(01)00228-6

Hu, R., Dong, S., Zhao, Y., Hu, H., & Li, Z. (2013). Assessing potential spatial accessibility of health services in rural China: a case study of Donghai County. International journal for equity in health, 12(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-9276-12-35

Hu, R.S., Dong, X.C, & Hu Hu. 2012.A two-step floating catchment area (2SFCA) method for measuring spatial accessibility to primary healthcare service in China: A case study of Donghai County in Jiangsu Province. Progress in Geography, 31 (2012), pp. 1600-1607, 10.11820/dlkxjz.2012.12.005

Ingram, D. R. (1971). The concept of accessibility: a search for an operational form. Regional studies, 5(2), 101-107. https://doi.org/10.1080/09595237100185131

International Monetary Fund (2012) International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2012: Working Together To Support Global Recovery. Disponibile al link: https://www.imf.org/en/Publications/AREB/Issues/2016/12/31/International-Monetary-Fund-Annual-Report-2012-Working-Together-To-Support-Global-Recovery-26104

ISTAT (2020). Invecchiamento attivo e condizioni di vita degli anziani in Italia. Disponibile al link: https://www.istat.it/it/archivio/246504

ISTAT https://www4.istat.it/it/strumenti/definizioni-e-classificazioni

Jensen, O. B. 2013. Staging Mobilities. Routledge.

Jian, I. Y., Luo, J., & Chan, E. H. (2020). Spatial justice in public open space planning: Accessibility and inclusivity. Habitat International, 97, 102122.

Kanuganti, S., Sarkar, A. K., & Singh, A. P. (2016). Quantifying accessibility to health care using Two-step Floating Catchment Area Method (2SFCA): A case study in Rajasthan. Transportation Research Procedia, 17, 391-399.

Karl Kresl, P., & Ietri, D. (2009). Ageing of the Population: Good News for Cities. Local Economy, 24(6-7), 625-636. https://doi.org/10.1080/02690940903354015

Kelobonye, K., Zhou, H., McCarney, G., & Xia, J. C. (2020). Measuring the accessibility and spatial equity of urban services under competition using the cumulative opportunities measure. Journal of Transport Geography, 85, 102706. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102706

Kibambe Lubamba, J. P., Radoux, J., & Defourny, P. (2013). Multimodal accessibility modeling from coarse transportation networks in Africa. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 27 (5), 1005-1022. https://doi.org/10.1080/13658816.2012.735673

Kim, H. (2020). Wearable Sensor Data-Driven Walkability Assessment for Elderly People. Sustainability, 12(10), 4041. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12104041

Kuzmyak, J. R., Baber, C., & Savory, D. (2006). Use of walk opportunities index to quantify local accessibility. Transportation Research Record, 1977(1), 145-153. https://doi.org/10.1177/0361198106197700117

Kwan, M.P. (1998). Space-time and integral measures of individual accessibility: A comparative analysis using a point-based framework. Geographical Analysis, 30 (3). Ohio State University Press.

Labdaoui, K., Mazouz, S., Acidi, A., Cools, M., Moeinaddini, M., & Teller, J. (2021). Utilizing thermal comfort and walking facilities to propose a comfort walkability index (CWI) at the neighbourhood level. Building and Environment, 193, 107627. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2021.107627

Langford, M., Fry, R., & Higgs, G. (2012). Measuring transit system accessibility using a modified two-step floating catchment technique. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 26(2), 193-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2012.06.014

Lefebvre, H. (1968) Il diritto alla città, Marsilio Editori, Padova 1970

Levinson, D. M., & Wu, H. (2020). Towards a general theory of access. Journal of Transport and Land Use, 13(1), 129-158. https://doi.org/10.5198/jtlu.2020.1660

Lin, T. G., Xia, J. C., Robinson, T. P., Goulias, K. G., Church, R. L., Olaru, D., ... & Han, R. (2014). Spatial analysis of access to and accessibility surrounding train stations: A case study of accessibility for the elderly in Perth, Western Australia. Journal of Transport Geography, 39, 111-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2014.06.022

Linchuan, Y., & Xu, C. (2020). Determinants of Elderly Mobility in Hong Kong: Implications for Elderly-Friendly Transport. China City Planning Review, 29(1).

Litman, T. (2011). Evaluating transportation equity. Victoria Transport Policy Institute. Disponibile al link: https://www.vtpi.org/equity.pdf

Löckenhoff, C. E., De Fruyt, F., Terracciano, A., McCrae, R. R., De Bolle, M., Costa, P. T., ... & Yik, M. (2009). Perceptions of aging across 26 cultures and their culture-level associates. Psychology and aging, 24(4), 941. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016901

Loo, B. P., & Lam, W. W. Y. (2012). Geographic accessibility around health care facilities for elderly residents in Hong Kong: A microscale walkability assessment. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 39(4), 629-646. https://doi.org/10.1068/b36146

Lord, S., and N. Luxembourg. (2006). The Mobility of Elderly Residents Living in Suburban Territories: Mobility Experiences in Canada and France. Journal of Housing for the Elderly, 20 (4): 103–121. https://doi.org/10.1300/J081v20n04_07

Lu, H., Zhang, X., Holt, J. B., Kanny, D., & Croft, J. B. (2018). Quantifying spatial accessibility in public health practice and research: an application to on-premise alcohol outlets, United States, 2013. International Journal of Health Geographics, 17(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12942-018-0143-y

Luo, W., & Qi, Y. (2009). An enhanced two-step floating catchment area (E2SFCA) method for measuring spatial accessibility to primary care physicians. Health & place, 15(4), 1100-1107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2009.06.002

Luo, W., & Wang, F. (2003). Measures of spatial accessibility to health care in a GIS environment: synthesis and a case study in the Chicago region. Environment and planning B: planning and design, 30(6), 865-884. https://doi.org/10.1068/b29120

Macharia, P. M., Ouma, P. O., Gogo, E. G., Snow, R. W., & Noor, A. M. (2017). Spatial accessibility to basic public health services in South Sudan. Geospatial health, 12(1), https://doi.org/510. 10.4081/gh.2017.510

Marquet, O., Hipp, J. A., & Miralles-Guasch, C. (2017). Neighborhood walkability and active ageing: a difference in differences assessment of active transportation over ten years. Journal of Transport & Health, 7, 190-201.

McGarry, P. and Morris, J. (2011). Manchester: a great place to grow older: a case study of how Manchester is developing as an age-friendly city. Working with Older People, 15(1): 38–46.

Menec, V., Means, R., Keating, N., Parkhurst, G., & Eales, J. (2011). Conceptualizing Age-Friendly Communities. Canadian Journal on Aging / La Revue Canadienne Du Vieillissement, 30(3), 479-493. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0714980811000237

Meşhur H. F. A. (2016), Evaluation of urban spaces from the perspective of universal design principles. The case of Konya/Turkey. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 9(2), 191–208. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/3786.

Metz, D. (2008). The myth of travel time saving. Transport reviews, 28(3), 321-336. https://doi.org/10.1080/01441640701642348

Morais, P., Miguéis, V. L., & Camanho, A. S. (2013). Quality of life experienced by human capital: An assessment of European cities. Social Indicators Research, 110(1), 187-206. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-011-9923-5

Morency, C., Paez, A., Roorda, M. J., Mercado, R., & Farber, S. (2011). Distance traveled in three Canadian cities: Spatial analysis from the perspective of vulnerable population segments. Journal of Transport Geography, 19(1), 39-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2009.09.013

Moura, F., Cambra, P., & Gonçalves, A. B. (2017). Measuring walkability for distinct pedestrian groups with a participatory assessment method: A case study in Lisbon. Landscape and Urban Planning, 157, 282-296. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2016.07.002

Mouratidis, K. (2019). Compact city, urban sprawl, and subjective well-being. Cities, 92, 261-272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2019.04.013

Negron-Poblete, P., Séguin, A. M., & Apparicio, P. (2016). Improving walkability for seniors through accessibility to food stores: a study of three areas of Greater Montreal. Journal of urbanism: International research on placemaking and urban sustainability, 9(1), 51-72.

Nordin, S., McKee, K., Wallinder, M., von Koch, L., Wijk, H., & Elf, M. (2017). The physical environment, activity and interaction in residential care facilities for older people: a comparative case study. Scandinavian journal of caring sciences, 31(4), 727-738. https://doi.org/10.1111/scs.12391

OECD (2015) Ageing in Cities. Disponibile al link: https://www.oecd.org/regional/ageing-in-cities-9789264231160-en.htm

OECD (2019) Pensions at a Glance. Disponibile al link: https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/finance-and-investment/oecd-pensions-at-a-glance_19991363

OMS (2001). Men Ageing And Health. Achieving health across the life span. Disponibile al link: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/66941/WHO_NMH_NPH_01.2.pdf;jsessioni

OMS (2017) https://www.who.int/data/collections

OMS (2018) https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/ageing-and-health/

OMS (2018). The Global Network for Age-friendly Cities and Communities: Looking back over the last decade, looking forward to the next (No. WHO/FWC/ALC/18.4). World Health Organization.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). (2015) Ageing in cities. Paris, France, OECD.

Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite (2015) l’Agenda 2030 per lo Sviluppo Sostenibile. Disponibile al link: https://unric.org/it.

Organizzazione Mondiale della Sanità - OMS (World Health Organization) (‎2007) Global age-friendly cities: a guide. World Health Organization. Disponibile al link: http://apps.who.int.

Organizzazione Mondiale della Sanità - OMS (World Health Organization) (2015) Towards an Age-Friendly Europe – Il Patto sui cambiamenti demografici. Disponibile al link: https://www.agefriendlyeurope.org.

Papa, E. (2009). Sistema urbano e Mobilità. In Il Governo delle trasformazioni urbane e territoriali. Metodi Tecniche e Strumenti. Franco Angeli

Papa, E. (2018). Pianificare per l’accessibilità: misure, applicazioni e barriere. In Mobilità e sviluppo. Strumenti e competenze per il futuro della mobilità. Fondazione Giangiacomo Feltrinelli.

Papa, E. (2020). Using accessibility metrics and tools to deliver sustainable mobility. In Handbook of Sustainable Transport. Edward Elgar Publishing. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781789900477.00046

Papa, E., Carpentieri, G., & Angiello, G. (2018). A TOD classification of metro stations: An application in Naples. Smart Planning: Sustainability and Mobility in the Age of Change, 285-300. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-77682-8_17

Papa, E., Carpentieri, G., & Guida, C. (2018). Measuring walking accessibility to public transport for the elderly: the case of Naples. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 105-116. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/5766

Papa, E., Coppola, P., Angiello, G., & Carpentieri, G. (2017). The learning process of accessibility instrument developers: Testing the tools in planning practice. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 104, 108-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2017.03.010

PNRR (2021): https://www.governo.it/sites/governo.it/files/PNRR_0.pdf

Pontrandolfi, P., Murgante, B., Scorza, F., Carbone, R., & Saganeiti, L. (2020). Increasing urban walkability: Evidences from a participatory process based on spatial configuration analysis. In Pedestrians, Urban Spaces and Health: Proceedings of the XXIV International Conference on Living and Walking in Cities (LWC, September 12-13, 2019, Brescia, Italy) (p. 26). CRC Press.

Portegijs, E., Keskinen, K. E., Tsai, L. T., Rantanen, T., & Rantakokko, M. (2017). Physical limitations, walkability, perceived environmental facilitators and physical activity of older adults in Finland. International journal of environmental research and public health, 14(3), 333. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14030333

Pucci, P. (2009). Per un indice di accessibilità. Studio sulla mobilità in Brianza.

Radke, J., & Mu, L. (2000). Spatial decompositions, modeling and mapping service regions to predict access to social programs. Geographic Information Sciences, 6(2), 105-112. https://doi.org/10.1080/10824000009480538

Rossetti, S., Tiboni, M., Vetturi, D., & Calderòn, E. J. (2015). Pedestrian mobility and accessibility planning: some remarks towards the implementation of travel time maps. CSE Journal, (1-2015). https://doi.org/10.1.1.1028.3771

Rossetti, S., Tiboni, M., Vetturi, D., Zazzi, M., & Caselli, B. (2020). Measuring Pedestrian Accessibility to Public Transport in Urban Areas: a GIS-based Discretisation Approach. European TransportTrasporti Europei, 76.

Saha, M., Chauhan, D., Patil, S., Kangas, R., Heer, J., & Froehlich, J. E. (2021). Urban Accessibility as a Socio-Political Problem: A Multi-Stakeholder Analysis. Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction, 4(CSCW3), 1-26.

Sayyadi, G., & Awasthi, A. (2013). AHP-based approach for location planning of pedestrian zones: Application in Montréal, Canada. Journal of transportation engineering, 139(2), 239-246. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000493

Scagnolari, S., Reggiani, A., & Martín, J. C. ACCESSIBILITÀ E TRASPORTI IN EUROPA: METODOLOGIE DI SINTESI ED APPLICAZIONI.

Scharlach, A. E., & Lehning, A. J. (2013). Ageing-friendly communities and social inclusion in the United States of America. Ageing & Society, 33(1), 110-136.

Shao, F., Sui, Y., Yu, X., & Sun, R. (2019). Spatio-temporal travel patterns of elderly people–A comparative study based on buses usage in Qingdao, China. Journal of Transport Geography, 76, 178-190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2019.04.001

SIGG (2018) https://www.sigg.it/congresso-nazionale/63-congresso-nazionale-sigg/

Silva, C., Bertolini, L., te Brömmelstroet, M., Milakis, D., & Papa, E. (2017). Accessibility instruments in planning practice: Bridging the implementation gap. Transport Policy, 53, 135-145. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2016.09.006

Social Exclusion Unit (2003). Making the connections: final report on transport and social exclusion. [http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/media/cabinetoffice/social_exclusion_task_force/assets/publications_1997_to_2006/making_transport_2003.pdf]

Spickermann, A., Grienitz, V., & Heiko, A. (2014). Heading towards a multimodal city of the future?: Multi-stakeholder scenarios for urban mobility. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 89, 201-221. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2013.08.036

Staricco, L. (2013). Smart Mobility: opportunità e condizioni. TeMA-Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, 6(3), 342-354. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/1933

Sudjic, D. (2016) The language of cities. London, Allen Lane.

Sun, X., Lucas, H., Meng, Q., & Zhang, Y. (2011). Associations between living arrangements and health-related quality of life of urban elderly people: a study from China. Quality of life research, 20 (3), 359-369. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-010-9752-z

Tao, Z., & Cheng, Y. (2019). Modelling the spatial accessibility of the elderly to healthcare services in Beijing, China. Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science, 46(6), 1132-1147. https://doi.org/10.1177/2399808318755145

Tao, Z., Yao, Z., Kong, H., Duan, F., & Li, G. (2018). Spatial accessibility to healthcare services in Shenzhen, China: improving the multi-modal two-step floating catchment area method by estimating travel time via online map APIs. BMC health services research, 18(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3132-8

Te Brömmelstroet, M., Nikolaeva, A., Cadima, C., Verlinghieri, E., Ferreira, A., Mladenović, M., ... & Papa, E. (2021). Have a good trip! Expanding our concepts of the quality of everyday travelling with flow theory. Applied Mobilities, 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1080/23800127.2021.1912947

Tiboni, M., Rossetti S. (2014), Achieving People Friendly Accessibility. Key Concepts and a Case Study Overview. TeMA-Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/2487.

Tobler, W. R. (1976). Analytical cartography. The American Cartographer, 3, 21–31. https://doi.org/10.1559/152304076784080230.

Toepoel, V. (2013). Ageing, leisure, and social connectedness: How could leisure help reduce social isolation of older people? Social Indicators Research, 113(1), 355–372.

Treccani (2020): https://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/accessibilita/

UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2017). Survey of Formal Education.

United Nations Enable (2006) Rights and Dignity of Persons with Disabilities.

United Nations. (2019). World population prospects 2019. Disponibile al link://www.un.org/development/desa/publications/world-population-prospects-2019-highlights.html

Wang, X., Yang, H., Duan, Z., & Pan, J. (2018). Spatial accessibility of primary health care in China: a case study in Sichuan Province. Social Science & Medicine, 209, 14-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.05.023

Warren, S. (2017). Pluralising the walking interview: Researching (im) mobilities with Muslim women. Social & Cultural Geography, 18(6), 786-807. https://doi.org/10.1080/14649365.2016.1228113

Wiles, J. L., Leibing, A., Guberman, N., Reeve, J., & Allen, R. E. (2012). The meaning of “aging in place” to older people. The gerontologist, 52(3), 357-366. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnr098

Wong, R. C. P., Szeto, W. Y., Yang, L., Li, Y. C., & Wong, S. C. (2017). Elderly users’ level of satisfaction with public transport services in a high-density and transit-oriented city. Journal of Transport & Health, 7, 209-217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2017.10.004

World Bank https://data.worldbank.org/

World Health Organization (2015). Measuring the age-friendliness of cities: A guide to using core indicators. https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/203830/9789241509695_esp.pdf;jsessionid=9191A5519E06944FDDAB786D22B80D91?sequence=1

World Health Organization (2021). Decade of Healthy Ageing. Baseline Report Summary. World health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. ISBN: 9789240023307

World Health Organization. (2015). World report on ageing and health. World Health Organization. Disponibile al link: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/186463/1/9789240694811_ eng.pdf (accessed 8 September 2017).

Wyckoff, M. A. (2014). Definition of placemaking: Four different types. Planning & Zoning News, 32(3),1. Disponibile al link: http://www.canr.msu.edu/news/

Yamagata, Y., Murakami, D., & Yoshida, T. (2020). Evaluating walkability using mobile GPS data. In Spatial Analysis Using Big Data, 239-257. Academic Press.

Yang, D. H., Goerge, R., & Mullner, R. (2006). Comparing GIS-based methods of measuring spatial accessibility to health services. Journal of medical systems, 30(1), 23-32. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10916-006-7400-

Yang, D. H., Goerge, R., & Mullner, R. (2006). Comparing GIS-based methods of measuring spatial accessibility to health services. Journal of medical systems, 30(1), 23-32. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10916-006-7400-5

Ye, Y. (2020). City for All Ages: Elderly Residents’ Perceptions of Walkability Attributes in Residential Areas. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 495, 1, 012058. IOP Publishing

Yin, C., He, Q., Liu, Y., Chen, W., & Gao, Y. (2018). Inequality of public health and its role in spatial accessibility to medical facilities in China. Applied Geography, 92, 50-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2018.01.011

Zecca, C. Gaglione, F., Laing, R., Gargiulo, C. (2020) Pedestrian routes and accessibility to urban services: an urban rhythmic analysis on people's behavior during the Covid-19. TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, ISSN 1970-9870, 189-212. 13 (2), 241-256. http://dx.doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/7051.

Zhao, P. (2010). Sustainable urban expansion and transportation in a growing megacity: Consequences of urban sprawl for mobility on the urban fringe of Beijing. Habitat International, 34(2), 236-243. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2009.09.008

Zhu, X., Tong, Z., Liu, X., Li, X., Lin, P., & Wang, T. (2018). An improved two-step floating catchment area method for evaluating spatial accessibility to urban emergency shelters. Sustainability, 10 (7), 2180. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10072180

##submission.downloads##

Pubblicato

July 29, 2021

Dettagli su questo libro

doi

10.6093/978-88-6887-103-1